If you want to incorporate in Aruba, this article will educate you on the tax laws for a NV / AAV (LLC) which are the most common company types in Aruba.
Aruba taxes corporate income, whether it is accrued onshore or offshore. The headline tax rate for income earned abroad, from our research, and this is not personal tax advice, is 25%. However, a tax exemption may apply for certain offshore income. Corporate Income Tax standard tax rate is 25%. This ranks Aruba as 100th when compared to corp. taxation rate internationally. NVs under the Imputation payment company regime are subject to a reduced standard tax rate of 10% and exempted of dividends withholding tax.
The Imputation payment company regime (IPC) may be requested by a shareholder, when its company conduct certain activities as exploitation of quality hotels (CIT rates from 10% to 15%), shipping enterprises, aviation enterprises, intellectual and industrial ownerships rights, captive insurance, sustainable energy, holding of shares or participation certificates (provided that no more than 5% of shares are from foreign entities which are taxed at a rate lower than 14%), financing of other companies (not being a financial institution), investing of funds (no real estate). Shareholder must own shares for an uninterrupted period of 1 year.
The Aruba Exempt Companies (AAV) may be exempted from taxes on profits and dividend withholding taxes provided that the income is derived from outside the country and from the holding of shares or participation certificates (provided that no more than 5% of shares are from foreign entities which are taxed at a rate lower than 14%), from financing of other companies (not being a financial institution), investing of funds (no real estate) or licensing of intellectual and industrial ownership rights.
NVs and AAVs may opt for the fiscal transparency regime and be treated as a partnership. Fiscal transparency companies' income accrued outside Aruba is not subject to taxation and they are exempted from dividends withholding tax. The main requirements for this status is that all the company’s shares must be registered, and a notification for the application for this status must be filed with the tax authorities within one month after the company has been incorporated.
Aruba does not impose Value-added tax. However the sale of goods and provision of services are subject to a Business Turnover Tax of 1.5% and a Health Tax of 2%, which ranks Aruba as 23rd overall in terms of VAT/Sales tax globally. In terms of other taxation, an employer will contribute 25.05% to the equivalent of a social security fund and an employee will contribute 6.10%.
Thin cap restrictions are not in effect. Thin capitalisation refers to any type of requirements on a business and the debt-to-asset ratios.
Dividends received from foreign entities are usually subject to Corporate Income Tax. A participation exemption may apply if shares are not held as an investment and the foreign entity is subject to a tax on profits, besides profits tax exemptions explained above. Dividends are distributions of company profits, passed y the board of directors, to a class of its shareholders. Dividends can be issued as shares of stock, cash payments, or other property.
Capital Gains are usually considered business ordinary income and subject to tax. If they are received from the disposal of shares of a foreign entity, gains may be exempted provided that shares are not held as an investment and the foreign entity is subject to a tax on profits, besides profits tax exemptions explained above. A capital gains tax is levied on the profits that a corporation or natural person realizes when they sell sells a capital asset for a price that is higher than the purchase price.
If the aforementioned exemptions do not apply, dividends paid to non-residents are subject to a withholding tax of 10%. A reduced rate of 5% may apply if shares are listed on the Stock Exchange or the parent company owns at least 25% of the paid-in capital of the distributor and dividend at the parent company is subject to at least 5.5% tax. A reduced rate of 7.5% may apply if the parent company owns at least 25% of the paid-in capital of the distributor. Aruba does not levy withholding taxes on interest and royalty payments to non-residents.
There is no known tax on wealth in Aruba. There are inheritance, transfer and real property taxes in Aruba. We are aware of well known R&D initiatives that provide tax relief in this country.
The above is not tax or legal advice for your company's personal tax obligations. We can to refer you to an accountantin Aruba who can properly advise you. Click the free consultation button above
It takes approximately - hours to file and prepare documents for a Aruba Civil Law (Dutch).
The corporate tax is approximately 25% which is 103 in the world.
Owners of a company in Aruba are not allowed to carry back a loss and may be allowed to carry forward a loss for 5 years.
The vat rate in Aruba is 3.5% which ranks 21 in the world.